Junkers Ju 88

Easily as versatile as the RAF's Mosquito, the Ju 88 was started out as a heavy dive bomber, but ended up serving as a night fighter, torpedo bomber, night intruder, CAS aircraft, level bomber, and reconnaissance machine. The design was the result of a mid1-930s RLM call for a Schnellbomber, with the single-tail Ju88 beating out the company's twin-tailed Ju 85 proposal, as well as the Henschel Hs 127 and Messerschmitt's Bf 162.

Variants:

Ju 88A-6: Specialized barrage balloon cutter.

Ju 88A-8: A-4 derivative with balloon cutters

Ju 88A-11: Production tropicalized aircraft

Ju 88A-13: Low-level strafer conversions, with extra protection for the crew, massed forward-firing weapons, and no dive brakes.

Ju 88A-15: Bomber with bulged weapons bay; gondola deleted.

Ju 88C-1: Conversion of the V7 prototype with a forward-firing 20mm.

Ju 88C-2: A-1 conversions with the 20mm.

Ju 88C-5: BMW 801D-2.

The NMUSAF's Ju 88D-1/Trop was flown by a defecting Romanian pilot to Cyprus in July 1943, with the British later turning the aircraft over to the USAAF for evaluation. Unlike many captured Axis aircraft, the Junkers was not scrapped, and after years of desert storage, the aircraft went on display at Dayton in 1960.

Ju 88H-1: Long-range recon model combining a stretched, radar-equipped Ju 88D-1 fuselage with the wings and tail of the G-1.

Ju 88H-2: Radar-less H-1 heavy fighter model, with MG 151s in the nose

Ju 88P-1: A-4 based tankbuster variant with PaK40 75mm cannon in a ventral installation, preceeded by a Ju 88A-4 conversion with a KwK 39.

Ju 88P-2: Pair of Bk 37mm cannon in the gondola

Ju 88P-3: Additional armor

Ju 88P-4: Single BK5 50mm cannon

Ju 88S/S-0: High altitude model with BMW801s and a smoothly curved glass nose.

Ju 88S-1: Pathfinder bomber with reduced gun armament, no gondola, and BMW 801Gs.

Ju 88S-2: BMW 801TJ engines with turbo-supercharging

Ju 88S-3: S-1 equivalent with Jumo 213s.

Ju 88T: Improved recon machine based on the Ju 88S

Ju 88 Bibliography:

Structural sketch drawings of Ju 88 wing panels Aviation November 1943 p.177,179

Color profile Ju 88A-10 II/LG-1 RAF Yearbook 1983 p.65

Color profiles, including Ju 88A-4s of KG 30 and KG 54, a Finnish Ju 88A-4R, a captured A-4 in French markings, a Ju 88S-1 in a night scheme, a KG 76 C-6, and an NJG 101 G-6b Air International October 1982 p.190-191

Ju 88G-6b 3-view, Ju 88G-7b photo Air International June 1983 p.317

Small photo of a Ju 88C-6c's Shrage Musik cannon installation Air International September 1985 p.153

Photo: Ju 88A-5 after capture, with British roundels and identity HM509 Aeroplane Monthly October 1986 p.547

Flugzeug 1/1990 p.42-43 side view drawing of the Ju 88H-1

"Ju 88 Reborn" FlyPast September 1998 p.12 Ju 88A-4 recovered from Russia

Jamie Haggo "Schnellbomber" Building the 1/32 Revell Ju 88A-1 Model Airplane International March 2009

"Superb Schnellbomber" Preview of the 1/72 Ju 88A-4 from Zvezda Scale Aircraft Modelling February 2010

Preview: Italeri 1/72 Ju 88A-4 Model Airplane International October 2010 p.60

Alan Price "Night Hunter" building the Revell 1/72 Ju 88 kit Model Airplane International June 2014

David Donald The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft ISBN 0-7607-0592-5 p.540 color profile of a Ju 88G-7a of NJG 6

David Mondey The Hamilton Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II ISBN 0-7858-1363-2 color 3-view of a NJG 2 Ju 88G-1;Color profiles include an LG 1 Ju 88A-5, KG 30 A-4, LG 1 Ju 88A-10, KG 54 Ju 88A-4, ZG 1 Ju 88A-14, KG 76 Ju 88C-6, and a KG 66 Ju 88S-1.

Chris Bishop, editor The Encyclopedia of 20th Century Air Warfare ISBN 0-7607-2770-8 p.118: color 3-view of an NJG2 Ju 88G-1

John Weal Ju 88 Kampfgeschwader on the Western Front includes 1/100th scale Ju 88A-1 and A-4 4-view drawings

Dieter Herwig Luftwaffe Secret Projects: Ground Attack & Special Purpose Aircraft p.246-247 artist's depiction and several photos of the Ju 88P-1 w/7.5cm Bordkanone

Bill Gunston Illustrated Encyclopedia of Combat Aircraft of World War II p.67-69: Ju 88A-4, G-7A, and P-1 3-views, G-1 cutaway drawing.

Bill Gunston Aircraft of World War II ISBN 0-517-31680-3 p.124-125: color 5-view of a Ju 88A-5 of I/KG54

Phil Butler War Prizes: The Album p.49-52: Ju88H-1 in RCAF hands, RAF Ju 88G-1 TP190, the NMUSAF's Ju 88D, FE-1599 at Freeman Field, Ju 88K-1 in Soviet custody, Ju 88G cockpit photo

Heinz J. Nowarra German Guided Missiles p.34: frontal shot of a Ju 88A-4 armed with a pair of L.10 Friedensengel glider torpedos.

Manfred Griehl Luftwaffe X-Planes: German Experimental and Prototype Planes of World War II p.23: photo of Ju 88 V2 D-ASAZ

Aircraft Anatomy of World War II: Technical Drawings of Key Aircraft 1939-1945 Paul Eden, Soph Moeing, editors p.70-73: Ju 88G-1 cutaway, in-flight photo of Ju 88A-5 HM509, and color artwork showing an A-5 dropping an LM-B mine.

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